California’s governor, Jerry Brown, on Friday signed a statute that lowers the penalty for exposing partners to HIV from a misdemeanour to a misdemeanor, which includes those who donate blood without informing the center about their HIV status.
“Today California took a important step toward treating HIV as a public health issue, instead of treating people living with HIV as crooks, ” Sen. Scott Wiener, D.- San Francisco, told The Los Angeles Times .
Exposing a person to HIV was treated more seriously under California law than infecting person with any other communicable cancer, a policy some lawmakers said was a relic of the decades-old AIDS scare that unfairly penalizes HIV-positive people based on outdated science.
Under the old statute, if a person who knows they are infected with HIV has unprotected sex without telling their partner they have the virus, they can be convicted of a misdemeanour and face years of incarcerate day. Intentional transmitting of any other communicable cancer, even a potentially deadly condition like hepatitis, is a misdemeanor.
“These laws were passed at the high levels of the HIV/ AIDS epidemic when there was enormous dread and ignorance and misinformation around HIV, ” Wiener earlie said. “It’s time for California to lead and to repeal these statutes to send a clear signal that we are going to take a science-based approach to HIV not a fear-based approach.”
Republican lawmaker, Sen Joel Anderson, reportedly voted against the bill.
“I’m of the mind that if you purposefully inflict another with a disease that alters their lifestyle the rest of their life, puts them on a regimen of drugs to preserve any kind of normalcy, it should be a misdemeanour, ” Anderson said, according to the paper.
The Associated Press contributed to this report
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