This is software to save lives. Facebook’s new “proactive detection” artificial intelligence technology will scan all posts for patterns of suicidal supposes, and when required send mental health resources to the user at risk or their friends, or contact local first-responders. By employing AI to flag worrisome posts to human moderators instead of waiting for user reports, Facebook can decrease how long it takes to send help.
Facebook previously tested employing AI to detect troubling posts and more prominently surface suicide reporting options to friends in the U.S. Now Facebook is will scour all types of content around the world with this AI, except in the European union, where General Data Protection Regulation privacy statutes on profiling users based on sensitive info complicate the use of this tech.
Facebook also will use AI to prioritize particularly risky or urgent user reports so they’re more quickly addressed by moderators, and tools to instantaneously surface local speech resources and first-responder contact info. It’s also dedicating more moderators to suicide prevention, developing them to deal with the cases 24/7, and currently has 80 local partners like Save.org, National Suicide Prevention Lifeline and Forefront from which to provide resources to at-risk users and their networks.
“This is about shaving off minutes at every single step of the process, especially in Facebook Live, ” says VP of product management Guy Rosen. Over the past month of testing, Facebook has initiated more than 100 “wellness checks” with first-responders visiting affected users. “There have been cases where the first-responder has arrived and the person is still broadcasting.”
The idea of Facebook proactively scanning the contents of people’s posts could trigger some dystopian anxieties about how else the technology could be applied. Facebook didn’t have answers about how it would avoid scanning for political disagreement or petty crime, with Rosen simply saying “we have an opportunity to help here so we’re going to invest in that.” There are certainly massive beneficial aspects about the technology, but it’s another space where we have little selection but to hope Facebook doesn’t go too far.
[ Update: Facebook’s chief security officer Alex Stamos responded to these concerns with a heartening tweet signaling that Facebook does take seriously responsible utilize of AI.
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg praised the product update in a post today, writing that “In the future, AI will be able to understand more of the subtle nuances of language, and will be able to identify different issues beyond suicide as well, including rapidly spotting more kinds of bullying and hate.”
Unfortunately, after TechCrunch asked if there was a route for users to opt out, of having their posts a Facebook spokesperson responded that users cannot opt out. They noted that the feature is designed to enhance user safety, and that support resources offered by Facebook can be quickly rejected if a user doesn’t want to see them .]
Facebook developed the AI by seeing patterns in the words and imagery being implemented in posts that have been manually report back suicide risk in the past. It also looks for remarks like “are you OK? ” and “Do you need assistance? ”
“We’ve talked to mental health experts, and one of the best ways to help prevent suicide is for people in need to hear from friends or household that care about them, ” Rosen says. “This sets Facebook in a really unique stance. We can help connect people who are in distress is attached to friends and to organizations that can help them.”
How suicide reporting works on Facebook now
Through the combination of AI, human moderators and crowdsourced reports, Facebook could try to prevent tragedies like when a father killed himself on Facebook Live last month. Live broadcasts in particular have the power to incorrectly glorify suicide, hence the necessary new precautions, and also to affect a large audience, as everyone insures the content simultaneously unlike recorded Facebook videos that is likely to be flagged and brought down before they’re viewed by many people.
Now, if someone is expressing thinks of suicide in any type of Facebook post, Facebook’s AI will both proactively detect it and flag it to prevention-trained human moderators, and stimulate reporting options for spectators more accessible.
When a report comes in, Facebook’s tech can highlight the part of the post or video that matches suicide-risk patterns or that’s obtain concerned commentaries. That avoids moderators having to skim through a whole video themselves. AI prioritizes users reports as more urgent than other types of content-policy violations, like illustrating violence or nudity. Facebook says that these accelerated reports get escalated to local authorities twice as fast as unaccelerated reports.
Facebook’s tools then bring up local language resources from its partners, including telephone hotlines for suicide prevention and nearby authorities. The moderator can then contact the responders and try to send them to the at-risk user’s locating, surface the mental health resources to the at-risk user themselves or send them to friends who can talk to the user. “One of our goals is to ensure that our team can respond worldwide in any language we support, ” says Rosen.
Back in February, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg wrote that “There have been terribly tragic events — like suicides, some live streamed — that perhaps could have been prevented if someone had realized what was happening and reported them sooner . . . Artificial intelligence can help provide a better approach.”
With more than 2 billion users, it’s good to see Facebook stepping up here. Not only has Facebook created a style for users to get in touch with and care for each other. It’s also regrettably created an unmediated real-time distribution channel in Facebook Live that can appeal to people who want an audience for violence they inflict on themselves or others.
Creating a ubiquitous global communication utility comes with responsibilities beyond those of most tech companies, which Facebook seems to be coming to terms with.
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