Sleep deprivation is hurting kids in more ways than you think.

Imagine you’re in your school math class after remaining up late doing homework, and the teacher calls on you to explain something complicated on the members of the security council.

Ah, there’s that palm sweat everyone who’s been through this is painfully familiar with.

As if woken abruptly from a dream — which, let’s face it, might’ve been the case — you look up sheepishly at the teacher, then around at everyone else gazing back at you. You squint desperately at the equation on the board, but it might as well be in some language you don’t know. Maybe you try to answer it and make no sense or simply sink in your seat and tell, “I don’t know.” Either style, aside from feeling like a zombie, you’re also likely left feeling pretty embarrassed.

No sleep plus math class equals this moment. Photo via iStock.

It might voice funny in hindsight, but these effects of sleep deprivation are insured all too often in schools all over the world.

According to the National Sleep Foundation, 31% of kids aged 6 to 11 in America get eight hours of sleep or less on a weeknight . The recommended sum for their demographic is at least 9 hours. And the stats merely get more troubling as kids get older. According to a recent study at San Diego State, 40% of teens actually get seven hours of sleep a night or less, and that percentage has risen dramatically in the last 10 years.

Obviously, regular sleep deprivation can negatively affect the body and mind of an adult, but it can be detrimental to a young person.

Photo via iStock.

That goes double for a young person from a low-income household. Just ask Reut Gruber, associate professor of psychiatry at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. Apart from being an expert in the genetics of sleep, she’s a is part of the World Sleep Society and focuses on how sleep deprivation impacts children’s day-to-day lives.

Just like adults, children’s ability to get through the working day is compromised when they don’t get enough sleep, but in order to understand why that happens, we have to look at how the brain works.

“There are several parts of the brain that are dependent on sleep to finish their business, ” Gruber explains. “One part of the brain that’s key is the prefrontal cortex. It’s kind of like the engine, the machine that underlies executive function.”

Everything we do throughout our day — planning, dismissing distractions, making decisions, setting aims, etc. — rely on the prefrontal cortex working efficiently. Unfortunately that’s also one of the areas of the brain that’s most sensitive to sleep deprivation.

The prefrontal cortex and the occipital intra-parietal sulcus. Photo via iStock.

When the prefrontal cortex is compromised by a lack of sleep, all the functions it supervises are affected. This includes our ability to regulate mood and emotions.

You know how moody you get when you’re running on less sleep? Imagine that feeling as a kid exacerbated by school assignments, educators, and your classmates pushing your buttons.

Now imagine you return home after a day of feeling sleep deprived to a cramped house where there’s no structure and four kids sleeping in one room. Perhaps you live in a neighborhood where every few hours you’re awoken by what might be gunshots outside. According to Gruber, these scenarios are all too common.

Can you insure a vicious cycle developing?

While research on the relationship between socioeconomic status and sleep deprivation is restriction, there have been studies that have found a correlation between children from lower-income households and more disrupted sleep . It attains sense when you consider the scenario above — if life at home is stressed by a lack of fund, food, or security, it’s not surprising sleep patterns would be interrupted.

Photo via iStock.

And when sleep deprivation is the norm for children, they get used to functioning at lower levels, which in turn may affect their academic success and ability to regulate their emotions.

Obviously, violating an unhealthy sleep pattern is easier said than done, especially for disadvantaged children, but, according to Gruber, it is possible.

It all starts with creating a comfortable space for sleep. Attaining sure children have a clean, soft place to sleep — like a bed with clean sheets and warm blankets can really help.

Also cozy pajamas can make a huge change, which is why Westin Hotels& Resorts isturning their discarded bed linen into pajamas for children in need. It’s not a perfect fix by any means, but it’s a good start.

Next mothers should prioritize the amount of sleep their children need to function properly during the day. This is different for everyone, but children on the whole require more sleep than adults( even if they don’t think they do ).

Once you’ve got a clear sense of sum, you have to keep it consistent. This consistency includes all the routines leading up to bedtime. After all, sleep, by definition is a rhythm.

Photo via iStock.

Gruber says a good way to do this is set a hard stop for kids in terms of evening run/ play/ social media period. Once their sleep time comes around, encourage them to set it all away, literally and metaphorically. It might be hard at first, but the benefits will pay off tenfold.

“Make a commitment to making a change[ to your child’s sleep routine ], ” Gruber says. “Once you do it, you feel so good, you don’t want to go back.”

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The hidden history of tea shows us that little things can have a huge impact.

Where did your morning cup of tea come from? If you said “the grocery store, ” you’re missing a big part of the story.

It’s easy to forget the tea you enjoy actually began its journey thousands of miles away. It comes from lush tea farms up in the mountains of places like Sri Lanka or Kenya, where women carefully pick the leaves by hand. Those leaves then make their way to a local factory, where they’re dried from a bright green tint to a rich, earthy brown.

Photo via Upworthy.

All of this happens before they even cross the ocean, and long before they ever arrive at your local grocery store .

Yes, even the most ordinary household staples can have extraordinary histories, with narratives that span countries around the world. These surprising facts are just a glimpse into the rich history and impact of the tea you enjoy :

1. Tea is the second-most ingested beverage in the world.

It’s second only to water. Seriously. Global tea consumption is forecasted to reaching 3. 3 million tons by 2021, with more than half of that intake coming from Asia.

In fact, on any given morning, more than 50% of Americans are drinking it — around 158 million people.

2. It’s also a plant that grows in very specific regions of the world.

Most of the world’s tea grows in mountainous areas, thousands of feet above sea level, in rich but acidic clay, typically with heavy rainfall. Tea plants are especially vulnerable to extended periods of cold temperatures, which is why they do better in climates that are warm year round.

Photo via Upworthy.

Under subtropical or temperate climates — like in Kenya — the higher altitude and humidity contributes to distinct wet and dry seasons . This is key to tea plant survival and also influences the variety of teas found in these types of areas.

As such, countries that make the most tea include Argentina, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kenya, Malawi, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Taiwan, and Vietnam, all of which have these distinct seasons without getting too cold.

3. Legend has it, though, the first cup of tea was altogether an accident.

The earliest accounts we have of drinking tea come from China. Apparently a foliage fell down simmering water that was being prepared for Emperor Shen Nung — and he enjoyed the savor. He didn’t know it then, but he would be the first to enjoy what we now call tea.

4. While tea may have originated in China, it quickly spread around the world.

Japanese Buddhist intellectuals visiting China brought tea seeds with them when they returned home, popularizing tea in Japan. But that was only the beginning.

While we know the Brits today love a good cuppa, it was actually the Portuguese missionaries that brought tea to Europe. The British initially favored coffee, attaining the switch only when fashionable tea-lover Catherine of Braganza( who hailed from Portugal) became queen upon marriage Charles II.

And while tea surged in popularity worldwide, its identity( and of course, savor) differed from place to place.

5. Many regions of the world have their own unique take on tea.

It’s true that the English are largely responsible for introducing tea to other regions in the world, including Africa and India. But plenty of cultures had their own spin on it, both before and after they arrived.

Photo by Julie Johnson/ Unsplash.

India, for example, specializes in its national beverage, chai, which is more of a spiced milk-tea. Meanwhile, Morocco has a mint tea called touareg tea, which is a drink of cultural significance. It epitomizes hospitality and is served three times daily to guests.

You can find unique teas as far as South Africa. Indigenous people there — the Khoisans — have their own tea, too. It’s called rooibos tea, and originated over 300 years ago. It doesn’t derive from the same plant as your typical black or green tea, though; its plant base is unique to that region of the world.

6. Tea is also partly responsible for the United States as we know it.

Tea began stimulating its route to the American colonies as early as 1650, by colonists who needed their fix as they journeyed west. The British then began importing tea to the American colonies starting in 1720 to sell overseas en masse.

Forty years later, they would begin taxing it — making tension between the colonies and the British government. This led to numerous demoes, one of which — the Boston Tea Party — would be a catalyst for the American Revolution.

7. Even today, most tea comes from a farm and has to be hand-picked.

Traditional machinery has been found to be a little too rough, injury many of the foliages in the harvesting process — so hand-picking is the universally preferred method.

Photo via Upworthy.

Once harvested by farmhands, the leaves are transported to a factory nearby, where they’re processed. This involves drying them out, maintaining a shut eye on them as they react to oxygen in the air, and then sorting them by size and grade.

8. There are some great organizations working to make tea more sustainable.

The Rainforest Alliance and Sustainable Trade Initiative were created to call on enterprises to do better and invest in sustainability — not just for the environment, but for the farmers whose health and subsistence could be impacted by pesticide use, water pollution, and more.

In fact, the Rainforest Alliance created its own certification to measure the sustainability of a specific farm’s practices.

Photo via Upworthy.

And that certification isn’t so easy to reach. It includes great attention to energy and water utilization, commitment to biodiversity and preservation endeavors, and fair and ethical labor practices( including access to safe drinking water, health care, and education ). It also requires fully respecting the rights of people indigenous to the land where that tea is grown.

9. Those attempts have caught on — today, some of the more popular tea brands are making a concerted effort to promote sustainability.

10 years ago, Unilever — Lipton’s parent company — became the first major tea company to announce their commitment to sustainable sourcing of tea across their farms. And by the end of 2015, they had kept that promise: 100% of Lipton’s Black and Green tea containers are Rainforest Alliance Certified( tm ) .

10. In fact, one of the largest tea estates in Kenya has made unbelievable strides.

In Kericho, Kenya — Lipton’s largest tea estate and the first to be certified — substantial efforts have been made to improve biodiversity through reforesting, addressing water and energy use, and reducing carbon emissions.

Photo via Upworthy.

In fact, more than 1.3 million trees ( yes, million !) have been planted in Kericho in the last eighteen years, ensuring a balanced ecosystem within the farm . Kericho is also inducing use of hydropower — amazingly, something they’ve done since the 1920 s — thanks to a river running through the region.

11. The majority of tea farmers today are smallholder farmers — making tea a family affair.

Smallholder farmers own the plots of land where their harvests are grown, and get the majority of their income from running that land. It’s estimated that a whopping 70% of global tea production comes from smallholder farmers in Africa and Asia.

In Kenya, those farmers are responsible for 60% of the tea that’s rendered.

That’s why, in 2006, Lipton joined a partnership with the Kenya Tea Development Agency( KTDA ) and the Sustainable Trade Initiative, leading to the creation of Farmer Field Schools for locals to increase access to the best resources for farmers.

Photo via Upworthy

At these schools, tea-growers in Kenya can share best agricultural practices, as well as improve the quality of their crops as well as yields. They can also discuss issues around nutrition and health in their communities, as well as the impact of climate change on their work.

12. Building tea farming sustainable can empower women and their families, too.

Many of the farmers that benefit from programs like the Farmer Field Schools are girls. In Kenya, for example, there are 42, 000 girls farmers who have benefited from the Farm Field Schools run by KTDA.

When farmers learn to increase their yields and tea quality, their income is boosted, too. That buying power allows them aimed at improving health and nutrition of their families, and increases access to education for themselves and their children.

Photo via Upworthy.

13. And that means your humble cup of tea could transform communities thousands of miles away.

Organizations like WE Charity — a non-profit offering resources to communities in need internationally — have been supporting rural communities in Kenya for the last 20 years. WE’s is committed to education, health, clean water, food, and fiscal programming has been transformative for those communities.

That’s why Lipton recently partnered with WE in an effort to further empower a new demographic of farmers — those that pick our morning cup.

Most notable to come out of Lipton’s partnership with WE are the new opportunities for women harvesting tea.

Photo via Upworthy.

This program will give women farmers the tools to increase their earnings and the guidance to leverage those earnings; 80,000 females will receive small business and leadership training.

The result? The ability to purchase more livestock, grow their farms, send their kids to college, and start their own businesses.

So as it turns out, the tale behind where your tea came from is a lot more significant than you may’ve realise.

Sometimes it really is the journey — not just the destination — that makes a difference.

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Everyone has the power to be a social impact hero. Just ask these women.

We live in a world where more and more women are being encouraged to embrace their strengths every day — but it’s an uphill battle.

While the upcoming generation is already being touted as the generation that will “save the world, ” the young women in that group are still fighting to have their voices heard.

That said, all this social activism is empowering women in new and exciting ways. By standing on platforms for change that inspires them, whatever that may be, women’s voices are being raised to new heights, and, as a result, they’re reaching many more girls and women eager to pick up the torch.

L’Oreal Paris is amplifying these inspiring voices through their Women of Worth program .

Since 2005, L’Oreal Paris has been honoring girls making a significant impact in their communities through their passion for volunteerism and dedicating back to others.

Shandra Woworuntu. Photo via L’Oreal Paris Women of Worth .

Each year, L’Oreal Paris selects 10 Women of Worth Honorees to receive a $10,000 award in support of their charitable cause . Following a nationwide vote, Honoree Shandra Woworuntu was chosen as the 2017 National Honoree, and received an additional $25,000 award in support of her organization, Mentari . A survivor of human trafficking and domestic violence, Shandra founded Mentari, which is a nonprofit organization that assistances victims of human trafficking free of charge. Even though she’s simply one female, her efforts are making a monumental difference.

Here’s a look at three other women whose strengths made a huge impact in their own communities .

The 2017 Women of Worth. Photo via L’Oreal Paris/ Upworthy.

1. 19 -year-old Cassandra Lin started Project Turn Grease Into Fuel( TGIF ), which strives to get leftover grease converted into fuel for underserved families to heat their homes.

Growing up in Westerly, Rhode Island, during the 2008 recession, Cassandra learned many households couldn’t afford to heat their homes in the winter.

“I guess the fact that some people have to make the decision of whether to set food on the table, or to heat their homes, is a really difficult decision that no household should really “re going to have to” stimulate, ” tells Cassandra.

Cassandra at 10. Photo via L’Oreal Paris/ Upworthy.

At only 10 years old, she was determined to come up with a solution.

While visiting a green energy expo at the University of Long Island, Cassandra learned that you could turn utilized cooking petroleum into Biodiesel fuel. So she started going around her neighborhood to local restaurants to see if they’d be willing to donate theirs.

Several got on board, and soon enough, TGIF was helping local families and shelters remain warm in the winter.

A restauranteur donating cooking oil to TGIF. Photo via L’Oreal Paris/ Upworthy.

And it’s not just about philanthropy — using biodiesel fuel is also much better for the environment. In fact, to date, TGIF’s efforts have offset almost 3 million pounds of carbon dioxide emissions.

2. Meanwhile Valerie Weisler is devoting strength and confidence back to teens all over the world who’ve been bullied.

When Valerie was 14, her mothers told her the latter are getting a divorce, and just like that, she shut down. Abruptly she became this person who didn’t talk or attain eye contact, which regrettably constructed her a target for bullies.

Kids started leaving cruel notes assaulting her behaviour in her locker. It didn’t take long for those words to sink in.

“I only branded myself with all those words and told myself that they were right, ” tells Valerie.

Then, one day she saw another kid get bullied by his locker, and her perspective alter. She told him he wasn’t alone in what he was going through — he told her that validation meant more to him than she could possibly know.

That night, she went home and started her nonprofit — The Validation Project.

The organization not only provides support for teens who feel like outsiders, it connects them with a project they’re passionate about that also happens to generate social good. It’s all about reminding them they’re capable of anything.

“Sometimes you just really require somebody else to tell you that you have that worth inside of you and prove you how you can use it, ” tells Valerie.

Today, the Project works with approximately 6,000 teens in 105 countries around the world.

3. And Deborah Jiang-Stein helps incarcerated girls move on with their lives, and not be defined by their past .

Deborah was actually born and spent the first year of their own lives in prison because her mother was incarcerated. She then expended the majority of her childhood in foster homes, and almost wound up back in prison on a number of occasions.

Eventually, however, she was able to pull herself off her destructive path, and founded UnPrison Project — a nonprofit dedicated to helping incarcerated girls lead a successful life after their release .

“The theory is that if there’re self-development programs, self-esteem education, literacy improvement inside, that they’ll have the skills on the outside to do something differently and be a resource, ” says Deborah.

Deborah Jiang-Stein. Photo via L’Oreal Paris Women of Worth .

But it’s not just about developing life skills. A large part of Deborah’s job is sharing her own tale with incarcerated girls so they can see that it’s possible to take a different track after prison.

Deborah says it’s about taking away the label of “prisoner, ” and depicting these women who they truly are.

“When I’m at a prison, what I see before me isn’t captives, ” says Deborah. “I find people’s mothers, and aunts, and grandmothers, and daughters, and sisters, and we relate to each other like that.”

Thanks to bold activists like this, more and more women will know they can do anything through both strength and conviction.

“We see them all as agents of change and we want them to be able to identify problems in their own communities, and eventually be able to rally people around that issue to create systems change, ” tells Rana.

Inspiring agency within others is what every Woman of Worth Honoree strives to achieve. And, thankfully, the next generation seems more than ready to be that change, and take on whatever challenges come their way.

For more on the Women of Worth campaign, check out the video below 😛 TAGEND

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How one teen went from bullied middle schooler to app inventor to world-renowned activist.

Natalie Hampton’s experience in middle school left her with painful memories she won’t soon forget.

In seventh and eighth grade, she was bullied relentlessly. Often, she came home with multiple bruises and scars from the encounters.

“The worst incident was when a girl held scissors pointed at my throat saying that she felt a desperate recommend to slit my throat, ” writes Natalie in an email. “I don’t know if my memories of that incident will ever fade.”

But the bullying didn’t stop when she went home at the end of the working day. Thanks to social media, she was at the mercy of her attackers 24/7.

“I felt so vulnerable, voiceless, and worthless, ” she remembers.

As a outcome, she ate lunch alone everyday, and the lack of a friend base stimulated everything she experienced so much worse.

My mom took this photo of me when I was being severely bullied at my previous school. My parents ran in numerous times…

Posted by Sit With Us on Sunday, September 18, 2016

By ninth grade, Natalie was eventually able to switch schools, which helped significantly. However, every time she saw a kid bullied or exiled, it made her at her core.

So she started inviting these kids to sit with her at lunch.

“I would always invite anyone who was sitting alone to join my lunch table because I knew how nasty they felt, ” Natalie explains. “I became so close to these kids and find firsthand that this simple act of kindness made a huge change in their lives.”

In fact, one girl confided in Natalie telling her that, after joining Natalie at the lunch table, she overcame suicidal thoughts.

That’s when Natalie realise how life-changing small friendship offerings like this could be. It inspired her to take action on a much greater scale.

Natalie turned to social media — the same place she was initially the target of cyberbullying — to help give children a clearer route to a seat with friends a lunch table.

Natalie Hampton and her campaign. All photos via Natalie Hampton, used with permission.

With the help of a freelance coder, she started developing an app she objective up naming Sit With Us .

It has a super simple functionality: The app lets students to act as ambassadors and let children know they’re welcome to sit with them at lunch. On the other side, children looking for a friendly table can find the list of “open lunches” in the app, which means anyone can join forces.

By becoming a Sit With Us ambassador, a student pledges to welcome anyone and everyone who wants to join their table. It calls upon them to not only be more mindful of the bullying taking place in their school, but also to take action rather than just watch it happen.

“If people are more kind to one another at lunch, then they will be more kind inside the classroom and beyond, ” Natalie writes. “One small step like this can change the overall dynamic of local schools community over day so that all individuals feelings welcome and included.”

Since its inception, the Sit With Us app has garnered over 100, 000 users across eight country level won the 2017 Appy Award for best nonprofit app.

According to Natalie, even adults are use it to coordinate lunches and find people to sit with at church.

Meanwhile, Natalie has become a major anti-bullying advocate , speaking at renowned meetings like TEDxTeen London, Girls Can Do, and Say No to Bullying. Natalie’s also been honored with a number of commendations including the Outstanding Youth Delegate Award and the Copper Black Award, and she was recently named one of People Magazine’s 25 Women Changing the World.

Natalie at TEDxTeen London.

And she also regularly spoken at schools around the world about the importance of kindness and inclusion.

She knows how bullying can affect students and wants to provide resources for how to cope. Now she’s focusing on spreading the word and empowering more students to be leaders like her in the anti-bullying oppose.

“I believe that every school has students like me who want to take a leadership role in making their schools more inclusive.”

Natalie says when she goes to college, she plans to continue spreading her message any style she can. She hopes that one day , no child will have to sit alone at lunch.

“I will visit schools in the field near my college, ” Natalie writes. “I want my project to continue to grow and assist as many people as possible.”

However, Natalie believes the key to solving the bullying epidemic lies with the students themselves. Studies have shown that student-led initiatives are far more successful at curtailing bullying than those started by adults. Imagine if all the “cool kids” at every school in America became Sit With Us ambassadors. They could likely eliminate the behaviour in no time.

But even without the app, if kids realise the government had the power to stop bullying simply by inviting those who’re being left out to sit at their proverbial table, it could change everything.

When everyone’s on board to make a change, kindness trumps intolerance, every day of the week.

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The incredible reason this mom baked 96,000 cookies and hasn’t stopped since.

How many cookies should you cook for a fundraiser? 50, 100? Maybe even 500?

Well, when Gretchen Witt, a mother and public relations consultant, was planning her bake marketing, she decided to go big or go home — and set out to bake 96,000.

“I kind of felt like why not try it? What’s the worst that can happen, I fail? ” she remembers. “And then what? People are going to get mad because I tried? “

After all, she had an astounding and important cause to support: pediatric cancer research.

That journey beginning in 2007, when her son, Liam, was diagnosed with stage four cancer at the age of two . “I didn’t know that cancer was[ still] the # 1 disease murderer of children in the U.S ., ” she says.

That realization lighted a flame under her.

All photos provided by Gretchen Witt.

“All you have to do is expend 10 minutes on a pediatric cancer floor, and you’ll be like, sign me up! I’ll do whatever. I’ll cook 96,000 cookies! “

The I Care I Cure Childhood Cancer Foundation reports that, as compared with adult cancers, pediatric cancer research is underfunded — leaving many kids without access to the best( and safest) possible treatments.

That’s why when Liam was declared cancer-free a little more than a year later, Witt was ready to fight for other kids like him. So, she rounded up a squad of volunteers and got to baking.

“I wanted to do something that anyone could to participate in , no matter where the latter are, or how old they were or young the latter are, ” she says. “Something that would bring people together.”

Almost a hundred thousand cookies subsequently, Witt had raised over $420,000 for pediatric cancer research .

That’s when she realise she was onto something — people who might not otherwise know much about pediatric cancer were totally fired up about it.

“[ We] permitted people to enter into the world of pediatric cancer in a way that wasn’t scary or frightening, ” she says. “[ Instead of demonstrating them] a picture of a kid with a bald head and telling, ‘Here, I want to talk to you about this, ‘ we could ease them in.”

That “one-time” fundraiser was merely the beginning. Within the year, Witt founded Cookies for Kids’ Cancer, a nonprofit have undertaken to creating funds for pediatric cancer research.

Through that nonprofit, Witt was able to inspire people around the country to host their own events, including grassroots cook sales, to create awareness and create funding for better therapy options for kids with cancer. And Witt herself, of course, is still selling delicious cookies.

Since its founding in 2008, there have been more than 8,500 events — in every single country in the country and 18 countries around the world — organized by ordinary people for an extraordinary cause .

And while Liam’s cancer did return and eventually claimed his life — a battle he lost in 2011 — Witt always knew that it was a fight much bigger than them both.

Even through her grief, Witt refused to give up on her nonprofit.

“It was never[ simply] about Liam; it was about the journey that those children went through, ” she tells. “[ We’re] doing what Liam would want us to do, which is to make it better for others.”

Not long after Liam passed away, Witt was recognized for her efforts when she received the L’Oreal Paris Women of Worth awarding. “To be recognized like that on such a scale — it simply adds fuel to your gas tank, to keep going, ” she says.

And she did keep going. To date, Cookies for Kids’ Cancer has raised virtually $16 million and counting .

“As far as I’m concerned, I haven’t done anything special … how could I not get involved? ” she says. “[ Anyone] can contribute. It only requires having a heart and choosing you want to help kids.”

Witt’s efforts are a reminder that each and every one of us can make a difference , no matter who or where we are.

In the face of something as scary as pediatric cancer, it’s easy to feeling powerless or intimidated. But Witt dug deep and discovered the determination to do something — and it all started with a bake sale.

Having assured firsthand the tenacity of children around cancer who refuse to give up each day, Witt knows just how powerful it is to remain hopeful. And that same fortitude, she tells, is what she wants to offer others.

“The worst thing in the world is to not have hope, ” she tells. “But I’m in the business of devoting people a purpose and dedicating people hope.”

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Looking for the key to happiness? This simple solution has the science to back it up.

What’s the key to happiness? It’s something we’ve all wondered about .

Maybe you’re one of the 43% of Americans dealing with chronic loneliness and wishing you knew more about how to make friends, keep friends, and escape loneliness.

But knowing where to start finding that happiness isn’t always easy.

Ads often encourage people to chase happiness through material things, like tech contraptions, autoes, and clothes — but can you really buy happiness?

Well, according to Amit Kumar , a social psychologist who surveys happiness and spending habits, you can actually give your happiness a serious boost by spending your money on meaningful moments .

Kumar is a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business and has published several analyzes on the gratification people get from their purchases. He and his colleagues have compared experiential buys like a plane ticket for a vacation to material buys like electronics.

Kumar says they found that “people derive more satisfaction from experiential buys like vacations than they do from material buys like dres, jewelry, furniture, electronic gadgets, and so on.”

So if you’re considering attending a present, visiting a new country, or taking a road journey, you might want to start packing .

According to Kumar, it’s not necessarily the buy itself that stimulates you happy — it’s the memorable experiences that buy leads to. In other words, your journey or outing will likely lead you to experience new and exciting things that you might remember forever.

And sometimes, what attains that experience memorable is the people you fulfill along the way and the unexpected connects you make with them.

It’s not like you need a big, dramatic moment to make this kind of connection. The moments of connect can be as simple as opening the door for a stranger, or offering a mint after enjoying a coffee with that long-lost classmate you ran into arbitrarily while exploring a new city. Maybe, on your escapades, you’ll satisfy a waitress who goes above and beyond for her customers; or perhaps you’ll strike up a dialogue with person in line to see that concert you’ve been waiting for all year. Maybe you’ll grab lunch with those hikers who cautioned you about a bear up ahead on the nature road.

Photo by Mike Erskine/ Unsplash.

Whatever these small moments are, you’ll be talking about them later, telling coworkers, dates, and new friends about that time a road journey resulted you to someone you might have never gratified otherwise.

And when you talk about its own experience afterwards, it lives on — and so do the impressions of happiness you’ve derived from it.

Jesse Walker, who co-authored a study with Kumar, tells, “One-time experiences tend to grow sweeter in memory as period passes. Even a vacation that runs terribly incorrect in every style often becomes a fond memory.”

So perhaps, someday, you’ll even chuckle about the road trip with your partner that got you horribly lost and spending the night in that scary hotel you swear was haunted.

Photo by Ivana Cajina/ Unsplash.

Of course, this doesn’t mean you have to trench material buys wholly to find happiness — the key is to find some balance. Rather than get pulled wholly into the world of material things, Kumar says, you can put some of your spending money toward experiences, too.

You may even be able to get both at once: For instance, a cell phone with a great camera can give you mementoes like photos and videos of good times shared with friends and loved ones.

So look out for opportunities for those small moments of connection — they can carry a wealth of happiness.

Which means that procuring the key to happiness is much simpler than many people guess. It’s not about having the right material possessions to induce you feel fulfilled. It’s more about life’s little moments — sharing an experience and making a connection that leaves you with meaningful, happy memories.

While that may not be your only source of happiness, it’s a great start to help you combat loneliness and find the exhilaration you seek.

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During WWII, beauty was propaganda, but it mightve helped win the war.

Today, it might seem like people wouldn’t have time to think about makeup during wartime — but during World War II, it was a priority .

It was the 1940 s and a difficult time for Americans to keep their spirits up. After all, fascism was rising as a global menace, troops were shipping off for dangerous combats, and everyday life at home was completely disrupted.

With so many men leaving, the country had a lot of work left behind. Someone on the home front had to keep manufacturing weapons, distributing food, and completing other tasks critical to a nation’s survival. Eventually, that had to include women.

But even in harrowing days, one surprising thing didn’t get sacrificed: makeup .

In fact, makeup and beauty were seen as an important part of winning the war .

At the time, society had fairly rigid notions about gender roles , so makeup wasn’t just about looking good — it was at the core of what it meant to be a woman at the time.

Many girls took pride in keeping themselves and their homes looking put together, and a woman putting endeavour into her seem was seen as a sign of a happy, healthy society. Her attempts helped reassure people that they hadn’t lost everything. If females gave up their beauty habits at wartime, that would have been interpreted as a disturbing sign that life was not as it should be .

If girls appeared tired or worn down by the war, it might be seen — both at home and abroad — like “were in” losing the war. And that couldn’t be, so beauty became a crucial part of the propaganda movement.

That’s why the government encouraged women to continue putting endeavour into their appearance during the war. It was believed that their smiles could boost morale, brightening up soldiers’ stances as well as their own during this difficult time. And with good morale, maybe we would win after all.

So while humen shipped off to perform their duties in combat, many girls considered it their patriotic duty to be beautiful. And they stepped up to the undertaking.

What’s more impressive was the fact that these gals often didn’t even have real makeup to work with.

With so many resources going to the war effort, every industry, including way and beauty industries, faced material shortfalls. But some girls took their morale-boosting duties severely and got creative. They utilized beetroot to stain their lips red and used vegetable dye for hair coloring. Popular hairstyles like Victory Rolls — banana curls that you pin up and away from your face — were both fashionable and functional.

Soon, beauty companies began selling red lipstick with names like Victory Red and Fighting Red, to inspire women with a fighting spirit. It set the stage for today, when major beauty companies like Maybelline declare that “red lipstick never goes out of style.”

A government poster encouraging women’s work during WII. Image via National Archives and Records Administration/ Wikimedia Commons.

Before long, makeup and beauty played big roles in propaganda imagery, too.

Pictures of pin-up girls became staples for military men, who had photos of glamorous models and actresses sent to them to boost morale and remind them of what they were fighting for.

And of course, there’s the iconic poster of Rosie the Riveter. Generated in 1942 by Pittsburg artist J. Howard Miller, the poster depicts a woman wearing a polka dot bandana, a button-up blue shirt, and bright red lipstick. She flexes her arm below the words “We Can Do It! “

The “We Can Do It! ” poster. Image by J. Howard Miller/ Wikimedia Commons.

This image has since become a feminist icon because it represents a time when many American females were entering the workplace for the first time. She has come to evoked women’s determination to fight for gender equality.

But there’s a big reason why you can’t accurately represent Rosie without including her long eyelashes, pink cheeks, and bright red lips.

That’s because at first, it wasn’t easy for people to accept the idea of women performing manual labour .

Before the war, the idea of women in the workplace was uncommon, especially for middle- and upper-class women who remained home as housewives while their husbands went to work. While some girls — especially low-income girls — had already been working for decades and even centuries, others had never run as anything other than a homemaker. The home was considered a woman’s “proper” place.

A “Rosie” working on a bomber aircraft in 1943. Image by Alfred T. Palmer/ U.S. Office of War Information/ Wikimedia Commons.

But traditional gender roles began to shifting when labor shortages involved girls to go to work. World wars demand entire countries’ resources, and with far fewer humen around to do what was once considered “men’s work, ” it simply wouldn’t have been possible to preserve the country without girls filling in.

Of course, that didn’t mean that people were happy about it .

They worried that females would have to give up their femininity to work “men’s jobs” because they didn’t yet ensure physical strength and beauty as compatible. Some marriage humen even outright opposed the idea that their wives should go to work.

People required some assurance that women’s strength didn’t have to mean compromising beauty — and that’s exactly what Rosie the Riveter’s poster tried to accomplish .

Her look was similar to that of many working women of the time. They aimed to strike a balance between practicality and beauty — to get important tasks done and demonstrate that they didn’t have to take off their makeup to do it.

In fact, Miller is said to have based Rosie the Riveter’s image on a real photo. The identity of the woman who inspired him has been the subject of some debate, but it’s widely believed that he based his illustration on a photograph of Naomi Parker Fraley.

In 1942, a photographer for the Acme Photo Agency happened to snap a photo of Fraley peering over a machine at the Naval Air Station in Alameda, California. Like many women workers, she wore long sleeves, a polka dot bandana, and neatly applied makeup — representing beauty and strength all at once.

A photo op at Rosie the Riveter/ World War II Home Front National Historical Park. Image via National Park Service/ Flickr.

These women redefined what it means to be feminine, knowing that you can stone sexy red lips and still be a powerhouse of a woman .

When you watch Rosie the Riveter now, remember the badass women who survived a horrific era by observing strength in simple acts like applying makeup. It’s why she came to typify millions women whose communities wouldn’t have survived without their labor.

These days, it can still be a challenge for a woman to balance society’s expectations of strength and beauty — and the false impression that she has to choose between them. People expect women to be fairly but then magistrate them as vain and superficial if they appear to care “too much” about their appears.

But the Rosies of the world have proved it’s possible to break through that stereotype. A female can perform so-called “men’s work” while sporting a seem that constructs her feel feminine, confident, and capable all at once.

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These girls are achieving things they never thought they could thanks to this NYC club.

Manhattan’s Lower East Side today doesn’t look anything like it did just a few decades ago.

The ‘60s and ‘7 0s were an especially chaotic period with residents leaving in droves. Disinvestment in the area was devastating for the community — an impact that would be felt for decades.

Many of the social services agencies that the community relied on also began shutting their doors not long after the mass exodus. This meant that the Lower East Side — specifically the eastern edges of the community, which still has some of the highest rates of poverty in the city — was struggling.

Some agencies did manage to stay open over the years. Among them was the Boys Club of New York( which had two different facilities ); it offered a safe haven for boys, especially those hit hardest by the economic crisis of the time. But local girls were left without a support system .

All images via the Lower Eastside Girls Club.

“There were no services in the neighborhood …[ and] no spaces for girls to attend after school, ” explains Valerie Polanco, senior growth partner at the girls club .

In 1996, a group of moms, activists, and artists decided to do something about it.

First, they filled a shopping cart with art renders and started pushing it around the neighborhood.

Without a center of their own and having only a miniscule budget, volunteers operated programs out of schools, church cellars, community rooms, and other borrowed spaces — their cart filled with supplies in tow.

From there, they moved into a physical center in 2013, which they named the Lower Eastside Girls Club . It devoted daughters the services and space — including after-school programs, career and educational services, and wellness activities — they so badly needed.

Today, the Lower Eastside Girls Club offers over 50 programs a week to middle-school and high-school girls, including STEM programs. They also have a planetarium and an art studio.

“We want to give daughters the tools now so that when they leave here they have a sense of the direction that they want to go in, ” Polanco explains.

In addition to educational programs, the club offers field trips and mentorship opportunities, including from companies like Maybelline, to help girls get on the path to the careers of their dreamings.

Many of the girls served by the club grew up in the shelter system, came from immigrant families, or have lived in poverty . These are girls who so often slip through the cracks. However, with access to tools like those available at the club, they can imagine a brighter future.

The club also offers a safe space that many of the girls wouldn’t have otherwise.

“If you’re in the shelter system, you don’t know where you’re going to end up or where you’re going to be next year, ” Polanco says.

“[ The club] is consistency in “peoples lives”. If they move somewhere else, we’re always going to be here, and we’re always about to become a place they can come back to.”

The impact is undeniable. Girls who joined the club have gone on to do incredible things.

One girl, Aicha — whose family emigrated from Guinea — filmed her own documentary in which she highlightings the seriousness of female genital mutilation in her country of origin. And another daughter, Amerique, has taken an interest in music production and is now a part of the club’s new record label, having recently released a song written by an 11 -year-old girl.

These are just a few examples of the extraordinary things daughters can do when given the resources and mentorship they need.

“We want this to be a space for them to grow, a place in order to be allowed to dreaming, and a place for them to reach their full potential, ” Polanco says.

It’s not easy being a teenage daughter today. But for girls facing the most difficult of circumstances, a safe, nurturing space can change the course of their lives.

It takes a village to push back against a culture that conditions girls to believe they aren’t good enough. But with places like the Lower Eastside Girls Club offering resources and mentorship, many more daughters will have what they need to make their dreams a reality .

For working class and immigrant communities on the Lower East Side, where daughters once had nowhere to go, that safe space can be the difference between being trapped in the cycle of poverty or escaping it.

When they’re given a real chance to achieve their dreamings, their own future are limitless. Whether they want to be a documentary filmmaker, a scientist, a chef, or an artist, the Lower Eastside Girls Club can offer them that first step in the right direction.

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The vital reason these medical professionals want to teach you how to use a tourniquet.

On Oct. 1, 2017, in Las Vegas, 59 people were killed and over 500 more were injured in a mass shooting. It was devastating, but that didn’t stop people from trying to help.

“People were calling nonstop to our ER, and I’m sure every other ER, asking if they could show up and donate blood, ” remembers Carolyn Smith, an ER trauma nurse at Dignity Health in Henderson, Nevada. “People were showing up at the door to donate blood at 2 in the morning.”

Smith has been a first responder on the scene at many disasters, both natural and human-caused. One thing she’s noticed is that there are often countless people who want to offer their assistance. This was especially apparent in Houston after Hurricane Harvey .

“It was a very humbling experience to find people , not only in Houston, but from all over the country, coming to help no matter what coloring, what race, what religion, what tax bracket, ” she recollects.

Obviously giving blood after one of these tragedies is helpful, but what about in the immediate aftermath of something like a shooting? What can you do if someone is actually bleeding out in front of you?

It’s easy to feeling helpless in the presence of such a situation, but it’s in those precise moments that you can be the most helpful.

There are simple steps you can take to try to save someone’s life if they’re bleeding uncontrollably. They only require some know-how.

This graphic comes from a program called “Stop the Bleed, ” which was launched after the Sandy Hook shooting in 2012. It’s designed to teach people the basic skills needed to stop a serious hemorrhage from becoming life-threatening.

“They found that there were a significant number of what we bellow ‘preventable deaths'[ at Sandy Hook ], ” explains Dr. Sean Dort, a surgeon at Dignity Health. “If somebody knew the skills we’re teach, they would’ve been able to save lives.”

The free Stop the Bleed program offers explicit guides to help prepare civilians to act in a situation where someone is bleeding profusely. You can also access free bleeding control class in every nation, where trained professionals teach you how to properly put on a tourniquet and pack a meander.

Teachers regularly supervise classes at capacity, which builds sense bearing in mind the fact that 2017 insured more mass shootingsthan any other year in modern U.S. history. Gun-shot wounds had now become far too commonplace, and people seem to be tired of feeling helpless in the face of them.

A woman putting a tourniquet on business practices dummy. Photo via Dignity Health.

Medical professionals like Smith and Dort hope this impulse to be prepared will be a trend that continues.

“We need to embed[ hemorrhaging control] into the American subconscious the style CPR is, ” tells Dort.

If bleeding control was taught, alongside CPR, in schools across the country, kids would head into adulthood armed with two vital defines of lifesaving abilities. As a result, future mass shootings and other catastrophic events may not be nearly so devastating.

The more people on the scene equipped to stop bleeding, the very best opportunity victims have of surviving until medical professionals can get to them.

It could be the difference between giving over to panic and turning a potentially bleak situation around.

For more information on how to stop bleed, check out the video below 😛 TAGEND