US believed it would ‘undoubtedly win’ war with North Korea in 1994 but with huge casualties

Declassified document predicted massive losses for US and South and Pyongyang has since made dramatic steps in nuclear and missile technology

Declassified documents published under Friday show that the United States believed its military and South Korea’s forces would” undoubtedly win” a conflict on the divided Korean peninsula, during a 1994 standoff over Pyongyang’s nuclear ambitions.

But long before North Korea had developed nuclear weapons, the Pentagon estimated that some 490,000 South Korean service members and 52,000 US personnel would be killed or wounded in the first three months of any conflict.

The assessment does not mention North Korean and civilian casualties, but analysts say loss would be enormous.

Today, with North Korea almost able to directly threatened the US mainland with nuclear ten-strikes, the possibility of conflict looms as it did in 1994.

At that time, President Bill Clinton’s administration considered a cruise missile ten-strike on a Northern korean nuclear complex after it began defuelling a reactor that could offer fissile material for bombs for the first time. Former president Jimmy Carter headed off a conflict, meeting with the founding North Korean leader, Kim Il-sung, and helping seal an aid-for-disarmament arrangement. The pact suffered for nearly a decade, despite frequent disputes and periodic flare-ups on the peninsula.

” We had taken a very strong position that we would not permit North Korea to make a nuclear bomb ,” William Perry, who was defense secretary during the course of its crisis, said this week.” We have said that many times since then, but then we really meant it .”

A declassified transcript published by the National Security Archiveat George Washington University records Perry’s discussion on the standoff with South Korea’s president in 1998. Perry was by then Clinton’s special envoy for North Korea.

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Why does the North Korean regime pursue a nuclear programme?

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Much of the regime’s domestic legitimacy rests on portraying the country as under constant threat from the US and its regional friends, South Korea and Japan.

To support the claim that it is in Washington’s crosshairs, North Korea cites the tens of thousands of US troops lined up along the southern side of the demilitarised zone- the heavily fortified border dividing the Korean peninsula. Faced with what it says are US provocations, North Korea says it has as much right as any other state to develop a nuclear deterrent.

North Korea’s leader Kim Jong-un is also aware of the fate of other despots who lack nuclear weapons.

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Perry told the then chairwoman, Kim Dae-jung, that the US had planned for a military showdown and that” with the combined forces of the ROK and US, we can undoubtedly win the war “. ROK refers to the abbreviation of the South’s official name, the Republic of Korea.

Speaking to South Korea’s Kim, who pursued a “sunshine” policy of diplomatic outreach to North Korea, Perry said the” war involves many casualties in the process. As a former defense secretary, I am well aware of the negative aspects of war, and will do my best to avoid war .”

Since then, North Korea has made dramatic advances in its nuclear and weapon growth, particularly under its current young leader, Kim Jong-un. Last month, it tested an intercontinental ballistic missile with a likely scope of more than 8,000 miles( 13,000 km ), moving it closer to perfecting a nuclear-tipped bullet that they are able strike all corners of the US mainland.

Trump has not ruled out using force to stop the North from achieving that capability if diplomacy fails. The US has stepped up members of the military drills with friends, which Pyongyang condemns as preparations for invasion. This week, the US and South Korea held air force drills involving more than 200 aircraft, including six US F-2 2 and 18 F-3 5 stealth fighters.

North Korea’s foreign ministry alerted this week:” The remaining topic now is: when will the war break out .”

Speaking at an Arms Control Association briefing in Washington, Perry exhorted a renewed attempt at diplomacy, which he said would not get North Korea to give up its nukes in short order, but could lower the likelihood of war.

He said that a nuclear-armed North Korea would not attack America but may be emboldened in military provocations against South Korea that could spiral into a wider conflict. The US could itself blunder into a nuclear war if it undertook a conventional military ten-strike on North Korea that inspired the North to assault the South, he said.

” An all-out war with North Korea, nuclear war, even if China and Russia did not enter ,” Perry said,” could still entail casualties approximating those of World War I or even World War II .”

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White House under fire for suggesting general’s remarks should not be questioned

Press secretary calls reporters question highly inappropriate as Frederica Wilson says Kelly lied about her during press provide information on Thursday

The White House has been condemned for attempting to stillnes the media by warning that it is” highly inappropriate” to challenge the veracity of remarks by a military general.

A reporter on Friday questioned a claim by the White House chief of staff, John Kelly, a retired four-star marine general, that the Democratic congresswoman Frederica Wilson had taken credit for securing funding for an FBI building in Florida.

Chip Reid, a CBS News correspondent, said during the daily press briefing:” He was wrong yesterday in talking about getting the money. The money was procured before she came into Congress .”

Sarah Huckabee Sanders, the White House press secretary, replied coldly:” If you want to go after Gen Kelly, that’s up to you. But I think that if you want to get into a debate with a four-star marine general, I think that that’s something highly inappropriate .”

Reid’s follow-up topic was ignored and the implication- from a democratically elected civilian government- that a military general was beyond criticism was troubling to many.

Perry O’Brien, a former army medic who served in Afghanistan, said:” It’s just another example of the administration conceal behind the uniform of others. That’s why it’s so unfortunate to see someone like Gen Kelly enable that and jump on the grenade that Trump hurled .”

O’Brien, organising director of Common Defense, a group of veterans against Trump, added:” When “theyre saying”,’ How dare you criticise a general ?’, how about[ former Trump national security consultant] Gen Michael Flynn, who was the first to resign after we learned they were colluding with foreign powers? I don’t think most generals would say a star on your shoulder stimulates you immune from criticism .”

Kelly appeared at the White House podium on Thursday, to defend Trump against the charge that he caused offence during a bellow with the widow of Sgt La David Johnson, one of four US soldiers killed in Niger earlier this month by Islamic State fighters. Wilson heard the call and criticised Trump for disrespecting Johnson’s widow, Myeshia.

While defending the president, Kelly- whose son Robert was killed in Afghanistan in 2010- accused Wilson of “grandstanding” in a 2015 speech by saying she was instrumental in getting funding for an FBI building in Florida and took care of her constituents because she got the money. Wilson denied the charge and video evidence appeared to support her account.

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John Kelly rebukes Trump critics over military deaths- video

Kelly stood by his accusation, Sanders said on Friday.” Gen Kelly said he was stunned that Representative Wilson induced commentaries at a build dedication honouring slain FBI agents about her own actions in Congress, including lobbying former president Obama on legislation ,” she said.

” As Gen Kelly pointed out, if you’re able to make a sacred act like honouring American heroes all about yourself, you’re an’ empty barrel ‘. If you don’t understand that reference, I’ll put it a bit more simply. As we say in the south: all hat , no cattle .”

Wilson regularly wears a cowboy hat.

Challenged over the video footage of the speech, in which Wilson praises FBI agents, Sanders insisted:” She also had quite a few comments that day that weren’t part of that speech and weren’t part of that video that were also witnessed by many people that were there .”

The press secretary also rejected criticism from Johnson’s mother, Cowanda Jones-Johnson, who supports the accounts of the Trump phone call given by her son’s widow and Wilson.

” Certainly, if the spirit of which those comments were intended were misunderstood, that’s very unfortunate ,” Sanders said.” But as the president has said, as Gen Kelly said- who I guess has a very deep understanding of what that individual would be going through – his comments were very sympathetic, very respectful. And that was the spirit in which the president intended them. If they were taken any other style, that’s certainly an unfortunate thing .”

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Trump: ‘I didn’t say what the congresswoman said’- video

According to Wilson, Trump told Johnson’s widow her late spouse” knew what he signed up for, but when it happens it hurts anyway “.

Kelly in effect corroborated that account, saying he had counseled Trump on how to induce the bellow by telling him of the morning he was told of his son’s death. Kelly remembered his close friend, Gen Joseph Dunford, telling him his son” was doing exactly what he wanted to do when he was killed “.

” He knew what the possibilities were, because we’re at war ,” Kelly said.” That’s what the president tried to say to the four families the other day .”

Trump, however, continues to vehemently deny that he said such words.

” The fake news is going crazy with wacky congresswoman Wilson[ Democrat] who was secretly on a very personal call and dedicated a total lie on content ,” he tweeted late on Thursday.

Kelly also indicated Wilson had eavesdropped on a highly sensitive call. The congresswoman, a close friend of the Johnson family, pointed out she was in the car when Myeshia Johnson received the call, which was placed on speakerphone.

” I wasn’t listening in ,” she told CNN on Friday.” Please don’t characterize it as that .”

Wilson said Trump’s comments were” not a good message to say to anyone who has lost a child at war “.

” You don’t sign on because you think you’re going to die ,” she said.” You sign up to serve your country. There’s nothing to misinterpret. He said what he said. I only don’t agree with it. I just don’t agree with that’s what you should say to grieving households .”

Regarding Kelly’s statements about the FBI field office speech, Wilson said she had not been a member of Congress in 2009, when the funding mentioned by Kelly was procured. “That’s a lie,” she said of Kelly’s characterization.” How dare he ?”

She added:” I feel sorry for Gen Kelly. He has my sympathy for the loss of his son. But he can’t just go on Tv and lie on me .”

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Transgender ban in US military would go into effect in six months, memo says

Trump administration has not sent directive but is calling for forbid on new recruits and seeks to give defense secretary power to remove those currently serving

New transgender recruits to the US military would be banned and the US defense secretary would have the power to remove those currently serving, under the terms of a new memo from the White House described to reporters.

The Trump administration has not yet sent the directive, which takes the form of a two-and-a-half page memo, to military leaders. But its outline calls for the Pentagon to implement the new forbid in six months.

The memo, which was described to reporter for the Wall Street Journal and confirmed to Reuters, would give the defense secretary, James Mattis, the power to decide whether current service members should be removed based on their ability to “deploy”- meaning serve in a war zone, participate in exercises or live for months on a ship. New recruits would be banned and the Pentagon instructed to stop covering transition-related medical care through its insurance programs.

Reports of the memo come one month after Donald Trump appeared to blindside top military officials by announcing that the US military” will not accept or allow … transgender individuals to serve in any capacity “.

After Trump’s announcement, which came in a series of three tweets, Pentagon leaders said they would not alter the current policy, which permits transgender individuals already in the military to serve openly, without formal instruction from the White House.

Backlash to Trump’s 26 July announcement was swift and bipartisan. Trans service members and their advocates declared themselves “ready to fight” a new forbidding in court, while Republican such as senators Orrin Hatch and John McCain called for Trump to leave the current policy alone.

” There is no reason to force service members who are able to fight, train and deploy to leave the military- regardless of their gender identity ,” McCain said.

The military’s top brass developed the current policy under the instructions of the Obama administration. A scheme permitting the military to recruit transgender individuals was placed on hold for six months in June. The accumulated evidence showed that allowing trans people to serve and receive medical treatment related to their transition would not disrupt military preparedness.

A 2016 analyse by the Rand Corporation and commissioned by Obama’s defense secretary found that between 1,300 and 6,600 trans people were already serving in the military before the ban on open service was lifted, and that merely a few dozen someones each year might undergo transition surgery that would prevent them from being able to be deployed.

Those opposed to transgender service argued the Obama-era policy would weaken military readiness and prove too costly. Trump “ve called the” expense of transgender-related medical care “tremendous”, and the congresswoman Vicki Hartzler of Missouri said the costs of covering service members’ transition care was ” over a billion dollars “.

Both statements are contradicted by the 2016 Rand study, which estimated that transgender-related healthcare for active duty military would expense $2.4 m- $8.4 m. In coming fiscal year 2014, the Pentagon spent $6.27 bn on healthcare costs for all active-duty personnel.

Transgender service members who have spoken up against a banning used to say expulsion from the military could devastate their lives and careers. Certain types of discharge carry a stigma akin to being a former convict.

” Everybody is hurt. Everybody is scared ,” Rudy Akbarian, a 26 -year-old trans man and soldier, told reporters in July.” Person who enlisted nearly 20 years ago and now 18 or 19 years in , now that’s being taken away and they don’t get to retire?

” This is people’s lives we’re talking about .”

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US soldier admits killing unarmed Afghans for sport

Jeremy Morlock, 23, tells US military court he was part of a &# x27; kill team &# x27; that faked combat situations to murder Afghan civilians

An American soldier has pleaded guilty to being part of a “kill team” who deliberately murdered Afghan civilians for athletic last year.

Army Specialist Jeremy Morlock, 23, told a military court he had helped to kill three unarmed Afghans. “The plan was to kill people, sir, ” he told an army magistrate in Fort Lea, near Seattle, after his plea.

The case has caused outraged headlines around the world. In a series of videotaped confessions to investigators, some of which have been broadcast on American television, Morlock detailed how he and other members of his Stryker brigade set up and faked combat situations so that they could kill civilians who posed no menace to them. Four other soldiers are still to come to trial over the incidents.

The case is a PR disaster for America’s military and has been compared to the notorious incidents of torture that emerged from the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq. This week the German publication Der Spiegel published three pictures that presented American soldiers, including Morlock, posing with the corpse of a young Afghan boy as if it were a hunting trophy.

Some soldiers apparently maintained body parts of their victims, including a skull, as keepsakes. In a statement issued in response to the publication of the photos the US army apologised to the families of the dead. “[ The photos are] repugnant to us as human beings and contrary to the standards and values of the United States army, ” the statement said.

Morlock has told researchers that the assassination took place between January and May last year and were instigated by an officer in his unit, Staff Sergeant Calvin Gibbs. He described how elaborate plans were made to pick out civilian targets, kill them and then make their deaths look like they were insurgents. In his confession Morlock described shooting a victim as Gibbs flung a grenade at him. “We identify a guy. Gibbs makes a comment, like, you know, you guys wanna wax this guy or not, ” Morlock said in the confession.

Morlock now stands to be sentenced to at the least 24 years in jail but with eligibility for parole after seven years. That has come about because Morlock struck a plea bargain that will see a lighter sentence in return for witnessing against his fellow soldiers.

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Army veterans return to Standing Rock to form a human shield against police

A growing group of military veterans are willing to set their bodies between Native American activists and the police trying to remove them

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Trump threatens ‘military option’ in Venezuela as crisis escalates

In a surprise intervention, Donald Trump said he would not rule in employing military force as the country descends further into civil unrest

Donald Trump threatened a US military intervention in Venezuela on Friday, a dramatic escalation in his administrations stance toward the Latin American country which is descending into political chaos.

Trump stimulated the statements in response to questions from reporters at his golf club in Bedminster, New Jersey.

Asked what options were available for the US in dealing with Venezuela, which has descended into civil unrest under the direction of chairwoman Nichols Maduro, Trump responded by explicitly not ruling out military force.

We have many options for Venezuela and by the way, Im not going to rule out a military alternative, he said.

We have many options for Venezuela, this is our neighbour, Trump added. Were all over the world and we have troops all over the world in places that are very very far away, Venezuela is not very far away and the people are suffering and succumbing. We have many options for Venezuela including a possible military alternative if necessary.

Vladimir Padrino, Venezuelas defence minister, said on Friday night that Trumps threat was an act of craziness and supreme extremism.

General Vladimir Padrino, a close ally of Maduro, said: With this radical upper-class thats in charge in the US, who knows what will happen to the world?

Jose Miguel Vivanco, the Americas director for Human Rights Watch, tweeted: Perhaps since[ Hugo] Chvez named him his successor , no one had helped Maduro as much as Trump and this nonsense he said today.

The White House released a statement saying it had repudiated a request from Maduro to speak by phone with Trump. The statement said: Trump will gladly speak with the leader of Venezuela as soon as republic is restored in that country.

The surprise intervention caps a week of increasingly bellicose rhetoric directed at North Korea.

Venezuela has appeared to slide toward a more volatile stage of unrest in recent days, with anti-government forces-out looting weapons from the military after the installation of an all-powerful new legislative body.

Donald Trump speaks to the press from his golf club in Bedminster, New Jersey. Photograph: Jim Watson/ AFP/ Getty Images

When a reporter followed up to ask Trump if this military alternative would be US led, the president responded: We dont talking here it. A military operation, a military option is surely something that we could pursue.

The remarks come as Maduro has convened a constituent assembly, in an electoral widely denounced by international observers, to amend the countrys constitution to cement his grip on power. Maduro has also forced the countrys chief prosecutor from office, while the United Nation has condemned the governmental forces employ of excessive force against protestors.

Although Venezuela has the worlds largest proven oil reserves, its economy has collapsed in recent years as the country led first by the late Hugo Chvez and then by his successor, Maduro, has resorted to increasingly authoritarian measures to consolidate power.

Peru expelled Venezuelas ambassador on Friday as regional pressure built on Maduros government. Venezuela retaliated by ordering the head of Perus embassy in Caracas to leave and called Peruvian President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski an enemy of Venezuela and of Latin American unity.

Trumps remarks come in the shadow of a 2002 coup try against Chvez that he blamed on the US. The coup was launched after a violent showdown between marchers in support of a general strike clashed with government forces.

Associated Press contributed to this report .

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UK defence contractor billed US more than $50m in expenses

Expenses included luxury cars and wages paid to significant others of companys top executives, according to Pentagon

A British company hired to help train Afghan intelligence officers billed the US government for more than $50 m( 38.4 m) in expenditures that included luxury cars and salaries paid to the significant others of the companys top executives, according to a Pentagon audit.

New Century Consulting( NCC) also expended $42,000 on automatic weapons, using cash to get around a prohibition in the contract on purchasing the pistols and showered other personnel with hefty pay and bonuses. Missouri senator Claire McCaskill summarised the audits major findings in a letter to the US defence secretary, Jim Mattis, which she released on Wednesday.

McCaskill, the top-ranking Democrat on the homeland security and governmental affairs committee, is demanding to know which Defence Department office was responsible for supervising the work, what steps are being taken to recover the millions of dollars in disputed payments and whether the US government has considered prohibiting NCC from obtaining federal contracts in future. Whoever decided to approve this spending should be fired its a slap in the face to Missouri taxpayers and the entire contracting process, McCaskill said in a statement.

Michael Grunberg, chief executive officer of NCC, said the company strives to follow federal acquisition rules and other relevant obligations. He said it is most unfair and is significantly inaccurate that the executive heads deputies were paid inappropriate wages.

Grunberg said the audit questioned exclusively the use and depreciation treatment of vehicles and that NCC accounted for no more than three vehicles across the entire business at any one time.

Grunberg also said the purchase of the weapons was done properly and at the direction of the US-led command overseeing the training and equipping of the Afghan security forces.

Asked to respond to the allegations by the Guardian, Grunberg said it would be inappropriate for us make a few comments on an ongoing matter.

McCaskills disclosure of the audits key findings is a rare glimpse into the opaque world of battlefield contracting. Contractors are indispensable in Afghanistan, handling security, transportation, construction and more. Yet the Defence Department has faced widespread criticism that it often fails to perform rigorous oversight of the efforts and how exactly US dollars are spent.

The report is published during a tense debate inside the Trump administration over its future in Afghanistan. Two of Trumps most senior consultants, chief strategist Steve Bannon and son-in-law Jared Kushner, have been advocating a plan that would have military contractors fight the war there instead of American forces.

The Defense Contract Audit Agency investigated NCCs invoices between fiscal years 2008 and 2013, when it was a subcontractor to another company, Imperatis Corporation. Among the costs passed on to US taxpayers were expenditures for seven high-end vehicles Porsches, Alfa Romeos, a Bentley, an Aston Martin and a Land Rover according to McCaskills letter to Mattis. The actual cost of the vehicles is not specified.

NCC claimed that the vehicles were available to all employees but the vehicles actually were used exclusively by the chief executive officer, chief operating officer, chief financial officer and the significant others of the CEO and CFO, McCaskill told Mattis. Her letter doesnt identify who the significant others are.

These significant other also were employed by NCC as executive assistants and had an average salary in 2012 of close to $420,000 each even when they ran from home and never travelled to customer places, according to McCaskills letter. She said the company was unable to show that these individuals actually performed any work.

The audit also challenged millions of dollars in compensation for other employees, including the consultants that the company sent to Afghanistan to train the forces there. McCaskill said the consultants were supposed to be paid at a 100% rate when deployed overseas but merely at 60% when on leave. But NCC gave its consultants the full rate irrespective of where they were.

These excessive payments expense taxpayers over $15 m, she wrote.

NCC also gave its consultants more than $3.3 m in bonuses that they either didnt earn or that werent required by their contracts, according to the senator.

McCaskill said the audit, completed last year, was conducted partly in response to fears she and Senator Rob Portman( Republican, Ohio) had raised after the special inspector general for Afghanistan reconstruction identified a litany of problems with Imperatiss billing and record-keeping practises. The Defense Contract Audit Agency does not publicly release its audits.

Imperatis had a contract dating back to 2007 for intelligence trained in Iraq. The work shifted to Afghanistan in 2010. Three years later the Army Contracting Command( ACC) awarded NCC a contract of its own to professionalise the intelligence divisions within the Afghan ministries of defence and interior.

The two companies were paid $522.4 m overall, according to contract data compiled by the special inspector general. ACC did not respond to a request for comment.

Imperatis went out of business last year.

Additional reporting by Hannah Summers

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USS Fitzgerald collision: American sailors ‘probably to blame’ for fatal cargo ship crash

Unnamed defence official says the crew would be held accountable for the accident off Japan, which left seven US sailors dead

The crew of a Navy destroyer that collided with a Philippine-flagged cargo ship will certainly be held accountable for the crash that killed seven American sailors, a US defense official has said.

The way it seems now, it seems that the crew on the( USS) Fitzgerald is going to be at fault, the official said on condition of anonymity.

US navy retrieves bodies from boat after collision off Japan

They are certainly going to be held accountable in some way for their actions, the official added.

This is something we take very seriously. There are seven sailors that lost their lives.

Senior spokeswoman rear admiral Dawn Cutler stressed the investigation was still in its early stages and said it was too soon to release any definitive information.

It is premature to speculate on causation or any other issues, Cutler said in a statement.

The defense official said the probe would likely be released in about a month.

The sailors were killed in a 17 June predawn collision between the USS Fitzgerald and the Philippine-flagged ACX Crystal in a busy shipping channels off Japans coast.

Aged 19 to 37, the seamen were found by divers in inundated sleep berths a day after the collision tore a huge gash in the side of the USS Fitzgerald.

There have been around 30 ship collisions over the past decade in the busy shipping area, including a 2013 incident in which six Japanese crew members died, according to the Japan Coast Guard.

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Transgender recruitment in US military delayed by six months

Defense secretary Jim Mattis dedicates armed forces until December to assess consequences on military readiness and repudiates calls for two-year deferral

Defense secretary Jim Mattis is giving the military another six months to conduct a review to determine if allowing transgender individuals to enlist in the armed services will affect its readiness and lethality.

Pentagon spokeswoman Dana White told Mattis attained government decisions on Friday. The delay in allowing the enlistment of new recruits does not affect transgender troops who are already serving openly in the military.

Mattis said in a memo obtained by The Associated Press: After consulting with the service chiefs and secretaries, I have determined that it is necessary to defer the start of accessions for six months. We will use this additional time to evaluate more carefully the impact of such accessions on readiness and lethality.

In the memo, Mattis said he believed the department must measure each policy decision against one standard whether it affects the readiness of the military to defend the nation.

Mattiss decision formally endorses an agreement hammered out last week by the leaders of the four military services, which repudiated army and air force requests for a two-year wait. And it reflects the broader worry that a longer lag would trigger criticism on Capitol Hill, officials familiar with the talks said.

The request for a postpone is delivered to Mattis for a final decision last week.

Mattis said the review by the services must be completed by 1 December, and he noted that his approval of a postpone does not presuppose the outcome of the review. He said the additional day would ensure he had the benefit of the views of the military leadership and of the senior civilian officials who are now arriving in the department.

Transgender service members have been able to serve openly in the military since last year, when former defense secretary Ash Carter ended the ban, proclaiming it the right thing to do. Since 1 October, transgender troops have been able to receive medical care and start formally changing their gender identity in the Pentagons personnel system.

But Carter also dedicated the services until 1 July to develop policies to allow people already identifying as transgender to join the military, if they meet physical, medical and other standards, and have been stable in their identified gender for 18 months.

The military chiefs have argued they need more time to study the issue and its effects on the readiness of the force before taking that step.

According to officials familiar with the internal deliberations, the chiefs believe the extra six months would give the four military services time to gauge if currently serving transgender troops are facing both problems and what necessary changes military bases might have to make.

They told navy officials were ready to begin enlistment in July but asked for a one-year postpone, largely to accommodate a request from the Marine Corps for more day. The navy secretary also oversees the Marine Corps. The army and us air force wanted a two-year delay to further study the issue, they said.

Already, there are up 250 service members in the process of changing their gender identity or who have been approved to formally change gender within the Pentagons personnels system, according to several defense officials.

Officials said there was a broad recognition that allowing transgender individuals to enlist affected each service differently. They described the biggest challenge as the infantry. They said the discussions were aimed at a solution that would devote recruits the best opportunity of succeeding, while ensuring the services maintained the best the criteria for entry into the military.

A Rand Corp study found that there were between 2,500 and 7,000 transgender service members in the active-duty military, and the other 1,500 to 4,000 in the reserves.

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US sending almost 4,000 extra forces to Afghanistan, Trump official says

A defibrillator-carrying drone could react more quickly than traditional emergency response divisions .
Image: Andreas Claesson

In the perhaps not-so-distant future, dronings could be first responders.

That’s the conclusion from a report published Tuesday by the Journal of the American Medical Association( JAMA) following a simulated examine involving dronings carrying defibrillators in Sweden.


SEE ALSO: Scientists are creating drones that fly in sync with one another

Researchers for such studies equipped an eight-rotor drone from the Swedish Transportation Agency with a GPS system, a camera and a defibrillator for several out-of-sight test flights in October 2016.

Their aim: to be determined if life-saving equipment like the defibrillator could be dispatched to a person in cardiac arrest outside a hospital more quickly with a droning than with a traditional emergency response unit. They made some hopeful discoveries.

Though the study admits that “whether[ drones] reduce response times in a real-life situation is unknown, ” the researchers tested simulated emergency response times of both dronings and typical emergency medical services and determined the dronings to be much faster.

First, the drones were much quicker to get going. It took dispatchers an average of three seconds to send a drone into the sky, whereas it took dispatchers an average of three minutes to get an EMS team out the door.


Check This Out: Delivery of an Automated External Defibrillator Employing a Drone! https :// wbfEEH7G 2L ouT4 2SXX5I

JAMA (@ JAMA_current) June 13, 2017