Wine production to fall by 18% on 2016 after spring frosts ravage vines, but hot summer could deliver top vintages
France is expecting its poorest wine grape harvest since 1945 after an remarkably mild March and a frosty April, experts have said, although the hot summertime promises to deliver excellent quality.
” At harvests everywhere, in places where we gues there would be a little less, there’s a lot less ,” Jerome Despey, head of a governmental wine advisory board, said on Friday. This year’s harvest will be the smallest since 1945, he told a news conference.
The French agriculture ministry said output was expected to total 37.2 m hectolitres- 18% less than 2016 and 17% below the average over the past five years. The 2016 harvest was one of the poorest in 30 years.
Despey said the ministry figures were based on appraisals made in early August, before the beginning of the harvests, which have now begun in the south-east about two weeks earlier than usual.
Despey, who is also secretary general of France’s biggest farmers’ union, the FNSEA, said last week he expected a 40% drop in output in the prime wine-growing region of Bordeaux, the country’s largest. Vineyards in north-eastern Alsace, which produces mainly white wine, is likewise hit hard.
This year’s drop in production is” principally attributable to the severe springtime frost that affected all the wine-growing regions to differing degrees at a sensitive period for the vine “, the agriculture ministry said.
The bitter cold struck twice within a week in April, ravaging the fragile shoots and buds that had emerged prematurely after mild temperatures in March. To combat the frost, winemakers in Bordeaux set flames in petroleum drums, then positioned them carefully between the rows of grapevines. Giant fans were also deployed to battle the cold, damp air settling on the plants.
Some loss are also anticipated in the Burgundy region, where vines have been repeatedly hit by hail in recent years.
Vineyards in the south, Beaujolais and the Rhone valley suffered during an exceptionally dry summer that they are able to further depress yields, agricultural purposes ministry told. But one advantage of drought is that it reduces the impact of diseases on the vines.
The maturity and good health of the grapes pointed to a year that” will stand out for quality, blithely”, Despey said.
In the five years to 2016, hail knocked out half of Burgundy’s harvest, according to the Global Wine Risk Index. The index encompasses 110,000 wineries in 131 countries producing about 26 bn litres every year.
Switzerland, Austria, Germany and Hungary also experienced frost this year that could diminish harvests by 30% and even up to 60% in some areas.
Wine, one of France’s biggest exports, is” a highly vulnerable industry”, told researcher James Daniell, of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology in Germany. About 10% of wine production was lost to natural hazards every year at an estimated cost of $10 bn, he said.
At the Vinexpo wine fair in Bordeaux in June, winemakers brainstormed over how to mitigate challenges to their subsistence were imposed by climate change. Producers have found that global warming can cause grapes to ripen earlier, which changes their sugar and acid levels, leading to lower-quality wines with higher alcohol content.
Some are using low-tech approaches to delay harvesting hours and increase soil moisture, and are experimenting with pruning afterwards or employing grape assortments that take longer to ripen, thrive in warmer climes or are resistant to drought. But these grapes are not yet ready to be turned into great wines, experts say.
Make sure to visit: CapGeneration.com